Enhancing parental literacy is crucial to ensuring whether parents are positively educating their kids. Even the parents’ decision in handling their kids is a deeply personal matter. Professionals and experts are committed to aiding parents in developing a structure that can direct their parenting style.
4 Types of Parenting and Its Impact on Children’s Behavior and Development
Diana Baumrind, a psychologist, researched over 100 preschool-aged children in the early 1960s. She established several primary facets of parenting through naturalistic evaluation, parental interviews, and other research methodology.
These facets comprise disciplinary techniques, warmth and support, communication, and maturity and management.
Most parents would want to be the most incredible parents they could be for their kids. However, there is still much contradictory guidance about nurturing positive, compassionate, and successful children. It’s crucial to keep balancing goals, managing roles, and smoothly moving between the kids’ interests, relatives, society, and yourself throughout the parenting.
Here’s the list of different types of parenting styles:
- Authoritarian Parenting
Kids are required to accept the specific rules defined by their parents. Failure to obey those rules is typically confronted with punishment. Parents never explain the logic behind such a law. If pressed, the parent may simply answer, “Just follow the rules.”
There is no denying that children raised by authoritarian parents seem to be commonly the well-mannered children in the room. They are aware that if they do not follow the rules, they will face serious consequences.
Baumrind indicated that children tend to develop as goal-driven, proficient, and obedient. However, they have weaker self-esteem, satisfaction, and social maturity.
- Authoritative Parenting
Similar to authoritarian parents, authoritative parents create laws and instructions for their kids to observe. This parental style would be considered inclusive or democratic.
Authoritative parents respond to the children’s concerns and can listen to them. They handle them with comfort, offer input, and provide sufficient care. When their children do not fulfill their parents’ standards, they would be more compassionate and accommodating than threatening.
In Baumrind’s observations, children usually develop accountability, respect, resiliency, and leadership. Also, this parenting style often results in children with happiness, capabilities, and success.
- Permissive Parenting
Permissive parents create few expectations for their children. It has marked by a lack of order, continuity, boundaries, and too little parental involvement. Many families who embrace permissive parenting were kind and compassionate towards children.
Baumrind proposed that permissive parenting may lead to a lack of self-control, poor impulse control, and susceptibility to becoming self-absorbed and demanding. Owing to the absence of boundaries, they can feel insecure. The child might engage in risky behavior. However, this may also lead to self-assurance and creativity.
- Uninvolved Parenting
Few expectations, low control, and little interaction describe uninvolved parenting. As long as parents meet their children’s basic needs, they are often absent from their children’s lives.
They may ensure that feeding and housing their children, but they provide almost no guidance, arrangement, guidelines, or even assistance. In some cases, these parents also might reject or ignore children’s needs.
According to Baumrind, children can feel fear, uncertainty, upset, rage, disappointment, and anxiety due to unsupportive and dismissive parenting. The kid has lost belief in the quality of having a good life. Throughout time, children may develop a sense of independence.
Tips in Selecting a Parenting Styles to Help Your Children Become Successful
There’s no perfect style to raise a child. Although any parent had the freedom to decide their techniques, some parenting styles are inherently superior to others. You may consider factors like culture, parental attention, child’s behavior, and child’s interests.
Authoritarian parents struggle to articulate why laws are necessary, skipping a critical stage in the parenting process. Permissive parents were not concerned about the implications of long-term children’s behavior. They show a lot of affection, but this isn’t enough to produce a well-rounded kid. Uninvolved parents were unfavorable in any sense.
Consider authoritative as well as constructive parenting instead. Positive parenting encourages safe brain growth, whereas authoritative parenting could result in happy and confident children who respect the laws without having questions.
As your children grow, the expectations may change or evolve. Still, your parenting styles should be consistent, firm, supportive, and loving. Always remember, every parenting style has its pros and cons. All you have to do is to believe in yourself.
Cherry “How Different Styles of Parenting Impact Children”
Levisy “Why Parenting Styles Matter When Raising Children”
Strategic Psychology Canberra “How Different Parenting Styles Affect Children”
Berney Wilkinson “What influences your parenting style?” https://www.theledger.com/lifestyle/20160821/wilkinson-what-influences-your-parenting-style
Perri Klass, M.D. and Lisa Damour ”How to Be a Modern Parent” https://www.nytimes.com/guides/well/guide-to-modern-parenting
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